Alphonso (known as Hapoos हापूस in Marathi) is a seasonal mango cultivar that is considered as one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in western India. This variety of mango has a very short season of about two months from the end of March till end May when the monsoon sets in the Konkan Region.
The Alphonso Mango is named after Afonso de Albuquerque. This was an exquisite and expensive variety of mango that he used to bring on his journeys to Goa. The locals took to calling it Aphoos in Konkani and in Gujarati and Maharashtra the pronunciation got further transformed to Hapoos. This variety then was taken to the region of Maharashtra, South & central Gujarat and other parts of India."
The southern district of Mahrashtra Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg including regions around the Dapoli and Devgad Talukas, the southern districts of Valsad and Navsari in Gujarat state are the main regions where this mango is grown.The quality of the produce differs from northern areas to the southern districts as a result of the climatic changes.In Gujarat and Maharashtra, the finest fruit comes from a narrow strip of about 20 km from the seashore along the Konkan coast. The Alphonso Mango does not grow out of a seed. If you plant the seed after eating the fruit, you will get a mango tree, but it will bear mango fruits of a different variety.